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The Names Behind Winemaking in Canada
Marguerite Bourgeoys, C.N.D., was the founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal in the colony of New France, now part of Québec. She lived in Fort Ville-Marie (now Montreal) as of 1653, educating young girls, the poor, and natives until her death at the turn of the 18th century. She is also significant for developing one of the first uncloistered religious communities in the Catholic ChurchShe has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church. She is known to have made Cider and may have been the first to do so in Quebec and Canada.
Johann Schiller is considered
to be the father of commercial wine making in Canada. He was a retired
soldier who domesticated the wild vines that grew along the Credit
River in Cooksville, Ontario. By 1811 he had added American Hybrids
from Pennsylvania making enough wine to sell.
Two Sulpician priests Francois Dollier de Casson ( the leader ) and Rene Brehant De Galinee in the company of 7 soldiers paddled their 3 birch bark canoes from Montreal departing in July of that year with the intention of reaching the OhioIn 1669, Dollier and Galinee travelled along the Lake Erie shoreline and arrived in Port Dover where they established their ... winter camp and discovered the local grapes. They made wine that was described "as good as vin de Grave".
- 1842 Datus Kelly brought Isabella and Catawa vines from Ohio to Kellwys Island 12 miles south of Pelee Island
- In 1850 Charles Carpenter made wine from these grapes. 8 years later a number of vineyards had been planted on South Bass Island.
The first plantings on Pelee Island may have been 1854 by Henry Price
- Henry Parker planted vines at the Clair House Lot 17 near Cooksville in 1858. He joined forces with Justin De Courtenay to produce commercial wine. The Canadian Vine Growers Association was formed to sell the wines. 1860 By 1864 De Couteny was in charge producing wines from the Clair House. At the height of production in the mid-1860s, Clair House
produced as much as 50,000 gallons of wine and a considerable amount of brandy. In 1926 Fred C Marsh took over The Canadian Vine F Growers assets.
- Issac de Razilly head of the French
colonists at Fort Ste. Marie-de-Grace (near present day LaHave
in Nova Scotia) he wrote in 1634 I have planted some vines as
they do in Bordeau which have come along very well. De Razilly
became known as the Father of Acadia. Wild vines grow in Nova Scotia,
it is unknown if he referred to native vines or vines brought from
- William Cunard a grape grower in the mid 1800's
in Nova Scotia
Aaron Hovey Jr evidence suggest that Hovey a resident of
Upper Miramichi Rural Community, New Brunswick
produced commercial wines sometime between 1809 and 1841. His homestead is a Local Historic Place
- Abraham Hebb a grape grower in LaHave
River Valley, Nova Scotia around 1850. He grew a variety called
- Charles H Heaton came to Pelee Island in 1870. Among other occupations he grew grapes at Lot 34 Soth Bay Road. In 1898 he won first prize fro his dry red at the Pelee Agricultural Society fair
Count Justin M.de
Johann Schiller's farm and by 1864 had doubled the size of the
vineyard by planting Clinton and Isabella grapes. His wines had the
brand name Clair House.
a winery brand started in the 1860's located in Niagara. They mostly sold the juice to home wine makers
Archilles Roumegeous in
1857 opened a winery in Cooksville, Ontario he sold it to the Marsh
family in 1890, who moved the winery closer to Niagara Falls naming
it Stamford Park Wine Company which was later acquired by Canadian
Wines Limited who in 1940 became Château-Gai
Father Pandosy is
referred to as the Father of the British Columbia wine industry,
he planted vines at the Oblate Mission near Kelowna in 1859
John Killborn winemaker
producing wines in Beamsville in the1860's
W W Kitchen lived in Grimsby Station, in the 1860 he was growing grapes. He stated in the New York Moore's Rural New Yorker ( an agricultural and family) newspaper
that he grows over 1000 vines of different varities. He liked Delaware best. He sold the wine by the gallon. He also suggest he made wine from frozen grapes.
George Burns built
a winery in St. Catharines in 1873. He sold it
in 1932 to Grimsby Wines Ltd. the brand name lasted until the late
- David Jackson Lowery [Lowrey] was born at Ancaster on June 10, 1824 to Matthew Lowrey and Hannah Kelly. He married Elizabeth Catherine Teeter and had 9 children. He passed away on 27 June 1901 in St. Davids, Ontario, Canada. His wife Elizabeth Catharine was born at Virgil Jan 20, 1826 and died Jan. 11, 1911.
David Jackson Lowrey, bought the Upper Farm and moved his family from Vanessa, Ontario to St. Davids in 1869 where he planted one of the earliest commercial grape vines. Te next generations would continue growing all kinds of tree fruits and grapes.
He also donated land to a new one-room stone school which was built in the village of St. Davids in 1871. Ravine winery sist on the property today.
Niagara Wine Company in 1874 which later became T.J.
Thomas Bright co-founder
of Niagara Wine Company
Thaddeus Smith and Thomas S Williams who
were from Kentucky and J.D Williams from
Windsor started growing grapes on Lake Erie's Pelee Island in the
1850's. They opened Vina Villa Winery in 1871 and hired J.S Hamilton,
a grocer, as their agent.
J. S Hamilton a grocer who entered the wine industry as an agent in 1871 soon opened his own winery, Pelee Island Wine and Vineyard Co.The Pelee Island Wine and Vineyards Company amalgamated with J. S. Hamilton and Company in 1919 to become J. S. Hamilton and Company Limited
with Mr. Hamilton as president and managing director. J. S. Hamilton died in March 1931 but the business continued under his name until 1945 when London Winery Ltd. acquired the company
- Pierre Antoine Robinet and his partner Ernest
1879 established a winery in the town of Sandwich (Essex county) Ontario. The
business was successful. Between 1879 and 1935 three generations of the Robinets were engaged in the wine business. In 1881 Pierre's son Jules Robinet bought the business.
- Jules Robinet Jules emigrated to Canada from Rougemont, France in 1875. His family had been in the business of winemaking in the Nans area
of France for approximately 500 years. His father Pierre Robinet had actually established a wine business with his partner Ernest Girardo in 1879 in the town of Sandwich, Ontario.
Jules bought out his father and M. Girardot in 1883, becoming the sole owner. In that year he produced 25,000 gallons of wine. He also bought most of the grapes in Essex County and shipped them to wholesale merchants in Montreal, PQ and Winnipeg, MB.
On April 5, 1893 the Essex County Grape Growers Association was established to represent the interests of those growers in government circles. Jules was elected to the committee to draw up their
constitution and by-laws, and was part of the contingent to Ottawa to meet with
Agricultural Minister Foster and other MPs to enlist support for the objectives of the association.
On May 10, 1895 he expanded and established "Jules Robinet & Company" with financial assistance of John Curry and Alex Cameron.
On January 28, 1897 he established "La Cie Robinet et Freres de Sandwich". His company was incorporated with capital in excess of $50,000, a slate of officers, a board of directors, and statutes. Jules was elected President and Manager, his brother Victor Vice-President. The company offices were located in his own building in the St. Antoine block (corner of Mill and Sandwich Sts.) in Sandwich.
Jules Robinet in his vineyards
This company continues until April 28, 1914 when he buys out his brothers' shares and once again takes complete control.
In 1915 Jules' sons, Clovis and Joseph, enter into partnership with their father, and in 1920 his sons Frank, Paul and Emile also join the company. The company is then called "Robinet and Sons".
In 1920 Jules brought over two experts from France to develop the process of making Champagne with local white grapes. With prohibition in force selling this wine was difficult.
In July of 1928 Jules establishes a new winery in his sons' (Clovis and Frank) names. This company located in Oldcastle, Ontario is called "Robinet Freres" and it is this company that T.G. Bright & Company buys from Jules in 1935. That same year he sold the original winery to Fred Marsh. At one time five of his son Joseph, Francis Paul, Emile and Clovis were involved in the companies of Jules.
J. W Hughes harvesting grapes
grew the first
large scale commercial grapes in the Okanagan in the late1920's
selling to wineries. He obtained his first vines from Wilcox.
He started growing grapes in 1926, expanding from 45 acres near Okanagan Mission to 75 acres by 1933, and eventually had over 300 acres of grapes in production. He was one of the earlier growers in the Kelowna to produce grapes, which has become a leading agricultural industry. Hughes also grew cucumbers, asparagus, raspberries, and flowers, sold vegetable seeds and experimented with game and poultry farming in the 1940s. Hughes sold most of his vineyards to men who had worked for him, and shifted to growing and sending gifts of flowers to hospitals and shut-ins in BC and Alberta through the Rotary Club. Over the years, until his death in 1975, he sent about two million peonies, tulips, and gladioli.
W. Hughes House 806 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna
A Heritage Designation Bylaw protected this house in 1995, giving it value as an early participant in the City's heritage conservation program
Hughes built this substantial house himself in 1933, at the height of the Great Depression, when building a house was a bold gesture. The design of the house has value for being characteristic of architecture between the world wars. It is one-and-one-half-storeys high, with a large forward-facing dormer and projecting porch. Jesse and Ruth Hughes lived here until the mid-1950s, when they retired to their remaining property in Okanagan Mission.
- Kent Research Station Opened in Nova Scotia,1911 by Federal Government under the name Dominion Experimental Farm. Kentville Research facility first studied grapes in 1913. They evaluated grapes testing 175 wines and grapes from 1931- 1983. Today under the name
Atlantic Food and Horticultural Research Centre
they continue to work with Nova Scotia wineries
- Hugh Fraser was born in Montreal in 1885. He took part in WWI stationed in France until he was captured by German troops in 1916. When Armistice was signed in 1918 Major Fraser was released from his prisoner-of-war camp. He returned to Canada and accepted an invitation from a friend, Naramata playwright C. C. Atkins, to visit the Okanagan. He loved the wild, scenic valley — it was a perfect fit for his outgoing personality — and he soon purchased the Hawthorne Ranch. Here he raised dogs and planted vines. The ranch was his home for more than 45 years, each year adding to a rich mix of truth and fiction involving elaborate gatherings, plenty of dogs and a wife from London, who upon seeing the rustic surroundings left both the Valley and a three-word note: “See ya later.”
- Dr Donald L Craig did much of the research at the Kentville Station.
Herbert Anscomb headed
the Growers Wine Company from 1922-1955. juggled business with
a long political career: he was Reeve of Oak Bay, then mayor
of Victoria and sat from 1936 to 1952 as a Conservative in the
British Columbia Legislature. As the province's Minister of Finance
from 1945 until 1952, he introduced the province's first sales
tax, three per cent, in 1948. As a cabinet minister, Anscomb
ensured that his winery's products enjoyed secure listings in
government liquor stores. Anscomb's political links with the
government in Ottawa also enabled Growers' to get a distillery
license in 1936, then the only Canadian winery with that privilege.
- Knowles Family founded London
Born in 1877, Rabbi Jacob Gordon was Dean of the Toronto Rabbinate for 30 years
Rabbi Jacob Gordon (1923) received a licence to manufacture Passover Wine in his home cellar.
His license was purchased in 1928 by the Oporto Wine Co. Which after a serious changes led to the Parksdale Wine LTd in1936
Harry Hatch CEO T.G. Bright and Company
Harry Hatch purchased
Canada's largest winery T.J.Bright in 1933. In 1923 he had purchased
Gooderham and Worts Distillery and in 1926 had enough funds to
buy Hiram Walkers becoming one of the most successful
and wealthiest men in Canada.
The Toronto Star dubbed him King of Canadian Distillation Under
his leadership at T.J.Bright Vinifera hybrides were imported from France.
In fact over six hundred varieties were tested.
Dr John Ravenscroft Eoff III was Harry Hatches'
winemaker who introduced microbiological control to the Canadian wine industry
- Dr Donald L. Craig tested over 175 grapes
at the Kentville Research Station, Nova Scotia from 1932 t0 his retirement
in 1983. Researcher Helen Fisher supplied cuttings of Ollie Brant selection V.53261 to be evaluated by Dr. Don Craig at the Kentville Research Station. This selection was orphaned in Ontario, and after successful evaluation in Nova Scotia became the award winning wine variety named L'Acadie ~ the wine L'Acadie Blanc
- Nicola Pataracchia self taught winemaker founded Thorold winery 1922. Won a gold medal for his sherry at the Bologna World Exhibition 1933
- Schmidt, Frank (1913-1979):An early Okanagan grape grower. Born in 1913 in Unity, Saskatchewan , he emulated many other farm lads during the Depression by hopping a freight train, arriving in Kelowna in September 1937 for the vintage. Schmidt did such a good job picking grapes for pioneer grower Peter Casorso that in 1938 Schmidt was given a contract to manage a vineyard, along with a house to live in. Four years later grower J.W. Hughes lured him with an even better package: a house, a car and $100 a month. Subsequently Hughes let Schmidt (and the other vineyard foremen) earn ownership of the vineyards they managed. In 1958 Schmidt became the owner of Lakeside Vineyards, later renamed the Beau Séjour Vineyard, at Okanagan Mission, south of Kelowna on the east side of Okanagan Lake. He retired after the vineyard was sold to Growers' Wines Ltd. of Victoria in 1965. He died in Kelowna .
Schmidt had a warm and favored relationship with Growers' and its general manager, Brian Roberts . When the Victoria winery, which had been shipping fresh grapes from the Okanagan since 1932, decided to crush them in the Okanagan and ship the must instead, the crushing equipment was installed on the Schmidt vineyard and Schmidt was paid for operating it. "We could have located the crushing depot on neutral soil, but deliberately located it on your farm so that you could get major benefits," Roberts wrote. In January 1960, when Ernest C. Warner bought Growers', Roberts again wrote, offering a benefit: a small number of class B voting shares -- never before available -- were being offered to friends of Warner and of the winery. "My thought is that the Company's good friends in the Okanagan -- the gentlemen who have been growing the grapes for us all these years -- might just want to have a few shares in the Company to give them not only a splendid investment, but also a greater interest in the Company which turns their grapes into wines which are sold as far as Ontario and the Yukon. ... I will lay my head on the block that the share right now is worth every cent of $10.00, so that it is not really a speculative share." Both Schmidt and his son, Lloyd, became shareholders.
Adhemar de Chaunac a microbiologist
hired by Dr. Eoff. In 1938 he was the first to introduce Vinifera
hybrides into Canada.
He imported Maréchal Foch, Baco Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling Pinot
Noir and Gamay from France (approx 1946). These wines first appeared
on the market in 1955.
emigrated from Germany to western Canada. In 1939, the family moved to the "Grapeview" area of St. Catharines, Ontario, to a mixed fruit farm that included acreage of indigenous grapes. "Fred" Hernder'
s boyhood chores would become the foundation for future skills. After the passing of his father, Fred purchased the family farm in 1968, and began the acquisition of others. His success was heralded when he was crowned as the youngest Niagara "GRAPE KING" in 1977. Forever the entrepreneur, Fred began selling not only grapes & juice, but also winemaking supplies to the growing home market as well as wineries.
made 2 important decisions: to replant his acreage with classic Vitis Vinifera & French Hybrid varieties and also to purchase the Victorian cattle barn (circa 1867)on 8th Avenue ~ this, to launch his newest endeavor, that of his own winery.
The first vintage in 1991 consisted of 7,000 bottles of Vidal. Two years later, on September 17, 1993, Hernder Estate Wines officially opened to the public.
Dr Eugene Rittich winemaker
for Growers Wine Company along with his brother Virgil published
a book (1941) on Okanagan viticulture called European Grape
Growing in Cooler Districts where Winter Protection is Necessary
V J Rittich Brother of Eugene Rittich and a Kelowna grape grower, he was ahead of his time as an Okanagan viticulturist. In a speech believed to have been made in 1940, Rittich said: ''After ten years of experimenting with my brother, I have found that the Okanagan valley is not only perfectly suitable for European grape growing, but its climate is in many respects superior to most vine-growing countries in Middle Europe. It seems to me that the early growers neglected chiefly two things: (1) They did not secure varieties which were suitable to our northern climate and, (2) they did not develop a training method which makes it possible to produce high quality grapes. With my brother I imported about fifty different varieties and planted them on our trial plot.'' The white wines grapes he recommended were these: müller-thurgau, muscat ottonel, muscat ferdinand de lesseps, chardonnay, sylvaner and excellent. The latter he described as an old Hungarian variety. The only red he recommended was blau burgunder, an Austrian variety better known today as lemberger; it has been successful in Washington state vineyards. Rittich also recommended as table grapes these varieties: perle of csaba, chasselas, muscat hamburg and sunshine (another Hungarian variety now gone from the Okanagan). In this speech, Rittich disclosed that he and his brother, using a plough, had hilled a winter cover onto the base of their vines each fall as a frost protection. ''l would advise not to neglect covering in this country,'' Rittich said. ''Nothing may happen for five or more years, but a cold winter can ruin not only next year's crop, but can throw us back three or four years.''
George Hostetter followed
de Chaunac as director of research for Bright Wines in the early
1860's. For his work he was rewarded with the Order of Canada
Major Hugh Neil Fraser After
WWI the Major wanted to retire in the Okanagan; he bought a remote
property on Hawthorne Mountain near Okanagan Falls. His wife
finding it too remote left leaving a note S.Y.L. for See
Ya Later. Major Fraser planted grapes on the property but sold
before the grapes matured. The property became LeComte Winery, then Hawthorne
and today See Ya Later Ranch
This pioneer Okanagan agricultural family -- the name in Italy was spelled Casorzo -- was established in the valley by Giovanni (John) Casorso (1848-1932), who was born near Turin, Italy, and who arrived in the Okanagan (after a short stop in San Francisco) in 1883 to work as an agriculturist for the missionaries. He homesteaded land south of Mission Creek in 1884 to which he brought his young family from Italy . By the 1930s the Casorso family were raising livestock and selling it through a chain of retail stores in the British Columbia Interior. John Casorso also was one of the large tobacco growers when that crop flourished in the Okanagan in the 1920s; and was so successful with onions that he was crowned Onion King one year. Son Charles is credited in the family history with planting a vineyard on a thirty-five acre property at Rutland in 1925. Two other sons, Napoleon Peter and Louis, planted grapes on the family's home property, Pioneer Ranch, subsequently managed by son-in-law Bert Sperling. Grandson August continues to grow grapes near Kelowna . Great-granddaughter Ann Sperling
-- her mother Velma was Peter's daughter -- became a winemaker.
Second Casorso House
- Charles Casorso planted the first vineyard in the Kelowna area in 1925.
The Casorsos have been pioneers in a wide range of agricultural production: cattle, hogs, vegetables, tobacco, fruit, and grapes. In his old age, Giovanni Casorso was involved in the establishment of Kelowna's first winery, which became Calona Wines. One of the first-ever mobile sprinkler systems, invented about 1912 by Clem Vacher, was set up on this property. The road on which this building stands was named after Giovanni Casorso.
in the Okanagan in 1931 intent on making wines from Cull Apples, The
winery was originally called Domestic Wines and By Products. Being short
of cash Ghezzi received support from Pasquale (Cap) Capozzi and W.A.C.
Bennett. In 1936 the winery now called Calona began making grape wines.
Please see Thirties and Forties.
- The Ontario Grape Growers’ Marketing Board was organized in 1947. It was established to serve the needs and represent the interests of grape growers in their dealings with processors. For the first time, growers were ensured of a unified, minimum price for grapes. Growers also gained a voice in the grape and wine processing industry.
In 1947, there were 15,000 acres of vineyards in Ontario and growers harvested 36,000 tons of grapes. The value of processing sales to wineries was $2.5 million.
- In 1944 Martin Dulik bought the Pioneer Vineyard just southeast of Kelowna from his employeer Dulik acquired the vineyard over seven years by paying the income tax on the crop and giving Hughes the proceeds from half the crop.Grapes were sold both to the fresh market and to Growers' Winesin Victoria, with the wine grape market becoming the major market with the expansion of wineries in the 1960s. Dulik also was one of the leaders in the 1961 formation of the Grape Growers' Association.
- Daniel (Den) Dulik took over the operation of Pioneer from his father Martin. The amiable, barrel-shaped Dulik is one of the few growers who made the jump from labrusca grapes to vinifera without a significant stop with the hybrids. However, in 1978 Dulik -- and his even more skeptical father -- were persuaded by Jordan & Ste-Michelle winemaker Josef Zimmerman to plant white riesling. Zimmerman argued that, if the variety was hardy enough for German vineyards, it would also thrive in Kelowna. The clay-loam vineyard, because of its southwesterly slope, is one of the warmer sites among the vineyards east of Kelowna. The Duliks planted five acres and, over the next decades, learned that Zimmerman was right. At the first industry-wide competition in 1982 (at Septober), the winery won a gold medal for a 1981 riesling special reserve made from Dulik grapes. Pioneer Vineyard, now with twenty-nine acres under vine, also includes bacchus and optima (also Zimmerman recommendations), pinot noir, pinot blanc, chardonnay and pinot meunier. The vineyard was sold in 2004 and is now called Tantalus Vineyards
- 1947 grape growers: pioneers of that era were Henry Wegman, Rodger Whitty, Ronald Moyer, Roy Johnson, Roy Masterson and Bruce Lambert. That year, there were 15,000 acres of vineyards with only 36,000 tonnes of grapes harvested.
- Ollie Bradt ( Oliver A Bradt) was the grape and peach breeders at the Horticultural Research institute of Ontario
for about 45 years – post war to 1978.
He introduced French hybrids in to the breeding program in 1947 and used them as the basis for non-labrusca hybrids for the wine industry.
He developed Veeport (blue, labrusca for the port industry), Vinered (dark red, labrusca for the table grape industry),
Vincent (blue, non-labrusca for the wine industry, almost teinturier), Ventura (white, neutral for the bulk wine industry), Veeblanc
( white, neutral for the bulk wine industry), Festivee (blue, table grape industry), Vanessa ( red, table grape industry, Ollie made the cross but Helen Fisher named it), Vivant ( white, neutral, wine industry, ditto – Ollie made the cross named by Helen Fisher).
In addition to the breeding work, Ollie developed the thinning strategies and good viticultural methods for the French hybrids when they were introduced
to the wine industry. People used to growing labruscas didn’t realize how over productive the French hybrids were when you prune them as though they were Concords.
Ollie developed the thinning strategies to ensure ripe fruit and healthy vines for overwintering.
He retired in 1978 before vinifera became the main varieties being grown in Niagara. Ollie co-operated with the New York programme,
but distinguished our programme from theirs with his extensive use of the French hybrids, taking productivity and non-labrusca traits as the more critical
for selection. Large wine industry tastings were done annually in the spring and their opinions were taken seriously and translated in to his selection criteria.
The industry was comprised on only 6 large players (Brights, Jordans, Barnes, London, Chateau Gai, Parkdale and Turner) at that time, and so moving
new varieties out to the growers was quite simple, having only 6 field men to deal with. A far different industry today.
He also assist the Nova Scotia grape growers in the 1960's.
L"acadia grape was created in Canada in 1953 by O. Bradt. It is THE grape in Nova Scotia.
Ollie was also a premier peach and apricot breeder and introduced many of the substantial eastern varieties
- William Lailey (a pioneer of Canadian viticulture)
planted and propagated some of Niagara's first French hybrid varieties 1950.
Tom Davis Sr. was named the first Grape King in Ontario
- Opa Epp The history of Cattail Creek Estate Winery goes back
to 1956 when Opa Epp had finally saved up enough money working odd jobs to purchase a farm in Niagara on the Lake.
A true farmer at heart, he saw the potential for grape vines in the Niagara Region and planted his small,
ten acre farm with grapes. Every day he worked his farm selling the grapes to the local grocery store.
Gradually, he started planting more wine grapes and sold them to the local winery
Guiseppe Di Profio
Guiseppe Di Profio one of canada's first winemaker was Guiseppe Di Profio (1895-1957). Since Niagara grapes hadn’t developed their reputation yet, he imported his red and white grapes from California. Throughout the late Nineteen Forties and Fifties, Peppe experimented with different varieties and barrels, trying to reach the quality he had known in Italy.
Bill Lenko the first grape
grower to plant Chardonnay in Canada,(1959) in Beamsville, Ontario. In
1959, and in the 1960s he boldly yanked all of his concord and Niagara grapes from his Beamsville vineyard to make way for Pinot Chardonnay and other varieties that would eventually be the makings of the award-winning vintages of Daniel Lenko Estate Winery.
Named Grape King in 1990 and then as the first grape grower to win the Tony Aspler Cuvee Award of Excellence in 2006, an honour usually bestowed upon winemakers.
Gordon Schwenker a progressive grape grower in Ontario The 1960 Grape King
- John Harper settled inland, in southwestern BC’s Fraser Valley; there, he imported experimental grapevines from England in the 1960s (at the time, England enjoyed a mushrooming home winemaking crowd). The grapes were mainly a combination of French-American and German hybrids with names like Müller-Thurgau, Ortega, Maréchal Foch, Bacchus, Siegerrebe and Léon Millot—grapes reputed to endure marginal climates.
Harper’s work proved successful, and by the 1980s he had relocated to the Cowichan Valley on Vancouver Island, where he continued his work.
Andrew Peller established
Andrés Wines (1961) in Port Moody, British Columbia. Today
it is known as Andrew Peller Limited one of the most successful
wine companies in Canada.
Gordon B Kingsman PAg appointed Director
of horticulture and Biology Services in 1962. He decided that Grapes
for wine needed to be studied in Nova Scotia.
Robert A Murray PAG. appointed Provincial
(NS) Berry Crop Specialist. He worked with Dr.Craig at the research
station obtaining vines from the Ontario Vineland Station. They planted
test plots at various locations
at Andrés wines in Port Moody. He helped create
in 1966 Chanté a predecessor of Baby
- Normandie Wines Ltd. (60s) Moncton, New Brunswick claimed to make the first Blueberry Table wine.
Edward Arnold hired by
Andrew Peller at his Port Moody winery, by 1970 he was chief
winemaker for Andrés in Ontario. He later left to become president
of T. J. Bright in 1978.
Paul Bosc a winemaker
at Château-Gai began experimenting with Viniferas in 1962. He
was the man in the TV ads for Chateau Gai promoting Marcécal
Foch. He would later leave to form his own winery based on Vinifera
called Château des Charmes. He was given the Order of Canada
in 2005 for his work in developing Canadian wines. He has also been the recipient of many honours including a doctorate from Brock University, The Order of Ontario, The Queen’s Golden and Diamond Jubilee Medals, the inaugural Canadian Vintners Association Award of Distinction and The Order of Canada; all for his significant contributions to the modern Canadian wine industry. In 2011 Paul was awarded the LCBO Special Recognition Award.
Paul Bosc was born in Algeria under French rule. When Algeria
was granted independence from
France the new regime took everything. Paul and his wife Andree
owned their home, their winery, their land, they came to Canada.
Paul working for the liquor board in Quebec noticed a yeast problem
with Château-Gia wine. He contacted the company spoke to the
Vice-President who granted him an interview with Alexander Sampson
who hired him. Paul helped develop Alpenweiss, a very successful
After Labatt's gained control of
Château-Gai Paul decided it was time to start his own winery.
He wanted control over growing the grapes and making the wine.
He purchased an established vineyard (1976) but after one year
he pulled everything out and started completely from scratch. The
winery was named Château
des Charmes here he continued to experiment and raise the bar
in wine making.
Harold Bates joined T.J.
Bright in 1967 helping to develop Bright's President Canadian
Champagne. In 1971 he joined Freson Wines in California before
returning to Canada in 1977 to join Calona Wines later working as winemaker
at Sumac Ridge (1987) helping to develop their Stellar Jay sparkling
Ben Ginter In 1962
Ben Ginter bought Caribou Brewing Company in Prince George. He
renamed it Tartan Industry Ltd. In 1970 he took over a nearly
bankrupt Mission Hills Winery changing the name to Uncle Ben's
Gourmet Wines Ltd. Trying to compete with Baby Duck he came up
with Fuddle Duck and weird name wines. The Winery failed and was
offered up to the highest bidder, somehow Ginter found the funds
to re-obtain the winery in 1978. This time naming it Golden Valley
Winery. He sold the winery in 1981 to Nick
Clark and Anthony von Mandel
- Roger Walsh: when Labatts decided to open a winery in New Brunswich Roger was the plant manager of Normandie Wines. Normandie first commercial winery
to produce blueberry table wine
- Hermann Weis pioneered the use of this Riesling in Canada greatly contributing to the introduction of Vitis vinifera into this country still new to quality winemaking. He planted the first large parcel of Riesling vines in the Niagara Peninsula under the title of St. Urban Vineyard, later to become Vineland Estates Winery.
- Glennallyn MurrayIn the 60's he was a winemaker with Andreas winery. Later he planted german clones just north of Skaha Lake in Penticton on Crescent Hill and Valley View road in the 70's. In the 60's he was a winemaker with Andreas winery. He sold what he called "juice" to Cassa Bella winery in Penticton and Colona Winery
Wilson, Guy Tunstall best know for his skills as a vineyard manager. In 1971 he won the coveted
trophy for the best Okanagan grapes, sponsored by Andres at the annual Penticton Grape and Harvest Fiesta.
Subsequently, he won the trophy in 1979 again at his own vineyard; in 1985, 1986 and 1987, the trophy was won
by Paradise Ranch Vineyards, which Wilson then was managing; and in 1990 it was won by the Summerhill Estate vineyard,
again with Wilson as manager. "I had a natural feel for the land," he said later.
Josef Zimmerman was
born into a grape growing family in Guldenthal, Germany, Zimmerman
graduated from Geisenheimin 1975 and went on to do wine
research in Baden until he and his wife, then a student
in advanced mathematics, decided they were "financially burned
out." In search of a career,
Zimmerman replied to an advertisement from Jordan& Ste-Michelle
to make wine in Canada.
Late in 1976 Zimmerman arrived in Victoria as an assistant
to Dieter Guttler, another Geisenheim graduate who had been
recruited several years before to make wine at the Victoria
winery. Guttler thought of the old winery (now a Keg Restaurant
not far from downtown Victoria) as a "shithouse." Zimmerman
is less blunt but would never dispute his mentor's assessment.
The winery had been designed initially to make fortified wines
on a modest scale and was expanded in such a piecemeal fashion
that it was completely inefficient. The sanitation problems alone
occupied a crew of four people much of the time, scrubbing down
floors and tanks with iodine and other disinfectants, with the
winemaker scrambling to ensure that the disinfectant was not
cascading from upper floors into tanks of wine below. The winery
was so inefficient that it employed a cellar crew of three dozen
people to handle what eight people later did when Jordan & Ste-Michelle
in 1979 opened its large, modern Surrey winery.
Zimmerman believed that the Okanagan actually had advantages
over German wine regions, including more sunshine and far less
risk of killing spring frosts. Zimmerman believed that some
Okanagan growers had poor sites and once sarcastically advised
one to solve a viticultural problem by replacing the vines
with broccoli. He also disliked the undisciplined way in which
some grew hybrid varieties which were easily over cropped to
yield mediocre wine. "With hybrids, you have to select the grower
before you select the variety," he believed. He became chief
winemaker at the new Jordan & Ste-Michelle
winery in Surrey in 1978 when Dieter Guttler moved to the Jordan
winery in St. Catharines, Ontario. In 1980, Zimmerman transferred
to the Jordan winery in Ontario, succeeding Guttler, who had
left to develop an estate winery.
Lynn (Stark) Bremmer the
first female winemaker in British Columbia started her career in
1973 with Andrés later
she worked with Similkameen Vineyards and Brights.
In 1992 she and her husband John established their own consulting company
Tyme Technologies Inc.
Donald Ziraldo and Karl Kaiser
(1974) he sold the
. Through his hard work Icewine became synonymous Canada . More on Donald Ziraldo
he made the wines. Donald Ziraldo refers to Karl
as the mastermind behind the Renaissance in Icewine.
Karl Podamer was
granted a manufacturer's license to make sparkling wine in 1973.
Since his wine required two years in the bottle before it could
be sold his retail license was granted 24 days after Karl Kasier
and Donald Ziraldo's licence. His winery was called Montravin
and Podamer Champagne Company which was sold to Magnotta Wines
Dr Helmut Becker
the German Geisenheim Institute. He traveled to the Okanagan and
Ontario advising on which plants would be best suited to the region.
In the Okanagan he supplied free of charge twenty-seven Vinifera
Varieties for trial in 3 acre test plots running from 1977 to
1985. They included Pinot Blanc, Ehrenfelser, Müller-Thurgau and
Riesling. These trials became known as the Becker Project . In
Ontario he worked with Paul Bosc.
John Marynissen in
1976 began growing Merlot, Chardonnay, Riesling and Gamay. In
1978 he became the first Canadian to plant the Bordeaux Cabernet Sauvignon
John Paroschy a
member of the T.J.Bright Company research team who in 1978 tested
the use of Vidal for icewine. He later joined Chateau des Charmes
Dr. Joseph Pohorly was one of the first winery owners in Niagara. He founded Newark Winery in the Village of Virgil in 1979, one of the three original cottage wineries that opened in Niagara in the '70s and laid the foundation for the growth of the new Ontario wine industry. Joseph himself was no stranger to wines. Born in Vineland, Ontario, he began life as a farmer's son and learned how to grow grapes and other fruit crops from an early age, gaining an appreciation and knowledge of the land, of our geography and climate, and of the unique characteristics that make this viticultural area special. He was among the first to make icewine in Ontario
Alan Eastman founded
Charal Winery and Vineyard near Blenheim, Ontario in 1977
Walter Strehan founded
Pelee Island Winery 1979
. He was among the first to make an icewine in Ontario
Walter Hainle established
Hainle Winery 1988 in British Columbia's Okanagan and produced
the first commercial icewine in 1973
Sumac Ridge 1980 Summerland British Columbia.In 1980, he led a group of wineries and local businesses to establish the Okanagan Wine Festival Society and acted as founding president. Harry McWatters
Ewald Reif founder
of Reif Winery was one of the first to attempt icewine production
Don Allen best known as
a grape grower from the early 1970's to 1996. Owning property
on Kelowna's Westbank. He was also a winemaker
producing the first two vintages for Uniacke Winery(1980).
Bob Claremont his first
job was with Jordan Winery Ontario. in 1967. The following
year he joined St Julian as winemaker.
St Julian had started in Windsor in 1921 but had moved to Michigan when the
US prohibition ended in 1933. After four successful years he was recruited
by Calona Winery in BC becoming its head winemaker in 1973. He is best known
as the winemaker who produced Schloss Laderheim
He went out on his own purchasing Chateau
Jonn de Trepanier in Peachland ( the first estate winery to open in
1978) . The winery had problems closing in 1985 reopening the next year under
the name Chateau Ste Clair
Vera Klokocka, was one of the pioneers of the Farmgate Winery movement in B.C. In 1979, along with her husband, Bohumir Klokocka, she bought a five acre orchard in the Okanagan that they, subsequently, tore out and replaced with grapes in 1984. This was the humble beginning of Hillside Cellars, now Hillside Estate. The first commercial release of a Hillside wine was the 1989 Auxerrois which received Hillside’s first VQA (Vintner’s Quality Alliance) seal of approval. She helped initiate the Farmgate Winery Policy, and was the first to plant Cabernet Sauvignon.
in 1983 purchased a barren piece of land east of Okanagan Falls. Upon his return to his newly purchased property he discovered a large flock of Canada geese feeding amongst the tumbleweeds, boulders, and rubble. As he approached, the flock of geese took flight and flew to the north. This vision inspired Adolf to call the property Wild Goose Vineyards. He was a leader was one of the pioneers of the Farmgate Winery
movement in B.C. Also see Giants of Modern Times
Terry Wells around
1980 along with his wife Halina, purchased what they called
the Tin Horn Creek vineyard south of Oliver. The twenty-acre
Tin Horn Creek vineyard was named for the creek which flows
through it. The grapes included
foch, de chaunac, verdelet, and newly-planted chenin blanc,
a variety which Wells came to regard as his favorite grape.
He fought an uphill battle to make Chenin Blanc a prominent
Grape in the Okanagan he lost his battle with the “1988 grape
pull " the wineries would not purchase his grapes.
Wells also was a founding director of the British Columbia Wine Institute in
1991. Today only a few wineries grow Chenin Blanc; according
for less than 1 % of the white wine grapes.
Dr. Rodger Dial established
Grand Prè Wines
Limited in 1981 the first commercial farm winery in Nova Scotia.
Joe Busnardo founded
Divino Estate Winery 1983. Planting his Oliver, BC vineyards
with only Vinifera. He obtained his vines from Italy and
University of California at Davis. He was one of the first
to plant Pinot blanc which was to become a star in the
Okanagan. He tried over 128 different varities in his
Senator Ross Fitzpatrick founded CedarCreek Estate Winery 1986. He became a pioneer
in the planting of vinifera grape varieties to produce premium quality wine.
Today, almost all wine grapes grown in the province are vinifera varieties.
CedarCreek collected numeous awards, including being named the Canadian Winery of the Year twice.In 2014 the Fitzpatrick family sold CedarCreek but was not prepared to completely leave the industry. The family-owned Greata Ranch Reserve Winery, located between Summerland and Peachland,
has been expanded to focus on producing high-quality Okanagan sparkling wine.
Nick Clark joined with
Anthony von Mandel to buy Mission Hill in 1981 He sold his
share in 1989. He became the British Columbia Wine Institutes
first president when it was formed in 1990.
Anthony von Mandel
Golden Valley Winery in 1981 with Nick Clark . They renamed
the winery back to its original name of Mission Hill.
Nick Clark sold his half of the winery to Anthony von Mandel. Please see Mission
George and Trudy Heiss
Gray Monk Winery
George and Trudy Heiss opened
Gray Monk Family Winery in 1982
Wolfgang Zeller since his immigration to the Okanagan in 1983, has become a major source of vineyard and winery equipment in
British Columbia. His first contract was with T.G. Bright & Co He planted what he wanted, not what the wineries advised.
He was told to plant de chaunac, vidal and Okanagan
riesling; instead, he started with johannisberg riesling
and pinot noir, telling the wineries that he might be a
newcomer but he knew something they did not. In 1988, nothing
had to be pulled from the Zeller vineyard at Naramata and,
with the immediate shortage of good wine grapes after the
pullout, he had no difficulty selling his fruit to wineries.
By then his eight-acre vineyard had been expanded to include
ehrenfelser and the mother block of two thousand oraniensteiner
vines, a German white variety obtained for Zeller by Brights,
which later Brights lost interest in.
Along with Gunther Lang,
Adolf Kruger and Vera Klokocka, Zeller campaigned for the
right to open a farm winery. By the time the farmgate license was
created in 1989, Zeller & Sons Enterprises Ltd., his machinery
import company had become too successful for him to consider
Dionisio (Dennis) Zanatta came to Canada
in 1959 He settled on a farm just south of Duncan
in the Cowichan Valley on Vancouver Island . He started
an experimental plot of grapevines in 1970 with varieties
such as leon millot, a red French hybrid, obtained
from the federal government's plant health centre at
Saanich. In 1983 Zanatta extended his trial plot, cooperating
with the B.C. government in the so-called Duncan Project,
a six-year trial in which more than 100 varieties were
tested for their suitability on Vancouver Island. Midway
through the trial, Zanatta began a five-acre planting
of ortega, a white variety suited to the long, cool
growing season of the Cowichan Valley. It formed the
basis for the Vigneti Zanatta farm winery that opened
in 1992 when his daughter, Loretta, completed her training
as a winemaker in Italy.
Dr Rodger Dial opened the first farm winery in Nova Scotia 1981 Grand Pre Wine ltd.
Dr Dial and Walter Wurher Started the Grape Growers Association of Nova Scotia in 1982.
- Herbert Konzelmann a 4th generation winemaker arrived (1984)from Germany and established Konzelmann Estate Winery . Konzelmann was officially the seventh winery to open its doors in Ontario. They were the first Canadian winery to make Wine Spectator’s Top 100 in 2008 with their highly acclaimed Vidal Ice Wine VQA 2006.
Robert Murray a Berry Crop specialist became the man in charge of developing programs for Grape Growers Association of Nova Scotia. Over the years he helped numerous vineyards develop their vineyards.
Bob has also received many honours including the Recognition Award from the Nova Scotia Strawberry Growers Association, Distinguished Agrologist Award, Honorary Member: Grape Growers Association of Nova Scotia, NSIA Distinguished Life Membership Award and Honorary Member NSFA Senate Club. Jost Vineyards felt Bob's leadership to the Nova Scotia grape and wine sectors were so momentous they named their 1992 Seyval Blanc wine the “Robert Murray Select”.
Dr. Andrew Jamieson, who is based at the Atlantic Food and Horticulture Research Centre, in Kentville, N.S.has been working in Nova Scotia for over twenty years researching grapes and other fruits.
Andrew works closely with the Grape Growers Association and growers evaluating promising selections
Christian Barthomeuf one of the modern pioneers of viticulture in Québec, planted the first vineyard in Dunham in 1970 and invented ice cider (also know as ice apple wine) in 1989.
marketer who turned Calona’s Schloss Laderheim
into Canada’s largest selling white wine in the 1980s.When he started his own marketing and venture
capital consulting firm in 1987, one of the clients he helped raise
capital for was Blue Mountain Vineyard & Cellars. In 2007 founded Intersection Winery
Howard Victor Staff- Howard was most content on the farm where he was born, worked and passed. Howard was a leader and contributor to agriculture and the community. Amongst other postings in agriculture, he served as President of the Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association and Vineland Growers Co-Operative; Chairman of the Board for the Lincoln Committee of Adjustment; one of the longest serving Board of Directors and Committee Members of the Grape Growers of Ontario; Vice-President of A.C.C. Farmers Financial; Commissioner of the Niagara Escarpment Commission; Member of the Agricultural Adaptation Council; Board of Directors Welch's U.S.A.; Founding Committee and Major Contributor of the Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute at Brock University. His dedication to community saw him volunteer with Lincoln District Firefighter Station #4 (Jordan); member of the St.Catharines & District Shrine Club; chair the Beamsville District Secondary School 125th Anniversary; and chair the Jordan Historical Museum. Howard's efforts did not go unnoticed by the public at large as he was awarded the Paul Harris Award by the Rotary Club of St.Catharines South for outstanding lifetime contribution to community; Lifetime Achievement Award by the Niagara North Federation of Agriculture for exemplary contribution to the agriculture community; Royal Order of the Grape and 1996 Grape King awarded by the Niagara Grape and Wine Festival; 25 Year Service
Award by the Province of Ontario for outstanding efforts in volunteering; and Awards of Merit from the Grape Growers of Ontario for over 50 years of grape farming, Green Ribbon Taskforce Region of Niagara Police, and Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers Association for outstanding commitment to horticulture in Ontario.
Guenther Lang founder of Lang Vineyards which opened its doors in 1990 after a lobby effort led by Guenther succeeded in having Premier Bill Vander Zalm’s government enact regulations to enable small farm wineries to be established. The first release from the vineyard, a 1989 Marechal Foch, won a gold medal at the Atlanta International Wine Festival.
In 1983 Adolf Kruger purchased 10 acres on a stony slope in Okanagan Fall. He planted 5 acres each of Riesling and Gewürztraminer, becoming one of the first growers of such classic varieties in the Okanagan. He travelled from his job in Calgary to the Okanagan for a year before finding work in Pendicton. Adolf first planted Riesling and Gewurztraminer; he quickly secured a contract to sell the grapes to Mission Hill Winery. He opened the winery in 1990.
BC Winemakers 1992
Have we missed someone who should be listed on this page
if so please let us know, we would appreciate any information and photographs
you may have.
This page is a work in progress
Please continue to the Wineries
behind Winemaking in Canada
The Beginning ~ WWI
and Prohibition ~ the 1930's and 40's
London Winery, Vincor, Baby Duck, History, History of Icewine,
Donald Triggs ~ Donald Ziraldo ~ Karl Kaiser ~ Harry McWatters
Niagara's Wine Visionaries - Linda Bramble
- James Lorimer - Company Ltd
Okanagan Wine Tour Guide - John Schreiner
The Wines of Canada - John Schreiner - Mitchell Beazley Classic
The Wineries of British Columbia - John Schreiner - Whitecap
Icewine The Complete Story -
John Schreiner - Warwick Publishing
Canada Wines for Dummies - Tony Aspler, Barbara Leslie
- CDG Books
The Tangled Vine: Wine Growing in Nova Scotia
- Chris Naugler MD, Bruce Wright. MD, Robert Murray PAg.-blue frog
Nova Scotia Historic Society
Clair House, Cooksville and the Beginning of the Ontario Wine Industry- Richard A Jarell
Rittich, V.J.: European Grapes for the Okanagan. Text of address in author's files.
Parks Canada Agency - Historic Places
Wines of Ontario - William F Rannie
Vera Klokocka and Family
The Vinedressers by Ron Tiessen Pelee Island Heritage Centre
Notes and information supplied by:
Chateau des Charmes Winery
Helen Fisher, researcher
Robert Murray, researcher
Irene Gammon - great grandaughter of Jules Robinet
Wild Goose Vineyards
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