Vinho do Porto, Porto
Fortified wine is most commonly associated with Portugal. The name comes from the harbour Porto this harbour is located in the City of Oporto . Some say Port was named after the city. The original wine region from which Port first came is called Douro. Today port wine is made in numerous countries; Canada is building a reputation for fine Ports.
Port is a sweet red wine with about 20% alcohol (as opposed
to table wine which is usually about 13%) and rather low acidity and
tannin. Ideally a good port should have a rich spicy flavor and in spite
of its 20% alcohol, taste very smooth. Port is created in a unique
way that captures the fruit and flavor of the ripe grapes in wines that
possess extraordinary longevity. During fermentation, prior to reaching
the point where all of the natural grape sugars have been converted
into alcohol, high-proof brandy is added to the vats to stop the fermentation.
This leaves a wine with great depth of color and a high natural sweetness.
Bottle-aged ports receive limited maturation in cask,
cement, or stainless steel before bottling. They are intended to mature
in the bottle, usually after you buy them. The less expensive bottle-aged
ports—Ruby, Reserve, and Late Bottled Vintage (LBV) are intended for
consumption soon after purchase. True quality vintage port, on the other
hand, is bottled without fining or filtration and will need decades
to properly mature. These are among the world's longest-lived wines
and will always require decanting.
are wines which age briefly in wood and then spend years maturing patiently in the bottle.
Vintage port is made entirely from the grapes of a declared vintage year. The grapes may come from different vinyards.
Single Quinta Vintage Ports are wines that originate from a single estate
Officially, real port wine comes only from Portugal, very much the same way that true Champagne comes from the Champagne region of France . In time wine growing regions outside of Douro cannot name their fortified wines port. That is why Sumac Ridge is called Pipe and Stoney Ridge is called Forte
Sherry is a fortified wine made from white grapes that are grown near the town of Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain. Sherry is produced in a variety of dry styles made primarily from the Palomino grape, ranging from light versions similar to white table wines, such as Manzanilla and Fino , to darker and heavier versions that have been allowed to oxidise as they age in barrel, such as Amontillado and Oloroso . Sweet dessert wines are also made, from Pedro Ximenez or Moscatel grapes, and are sometimes blended with Palomino-based Sherries.
Due to the existing Wine and Spirits agreement between Canada and the European Union (CEWSA June 1 2004), starting Dec 31 st 2013 the term (wine name) “Sherry” cannot be used for fortified wines made in Canada any longer.
As such, the Canadian Wine Industry formally adopted the term “Apera” to replace the term “Sherry”. This term is already used in Australian Wine Industry for a similar reason.
In order to raise awareness both terms Sherry and Apera were used on the label for an approximate one year transition period.”
Apera describes a style of fortified wine which ranges from a dry to a
Canadian producers, under CEWSA Article 12(1), will cease using geographic indications (GIs) Chablis, Champagne, Port, Porto and Sherry effective December 31, 2013.
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